Automotive suppliers and manufacturers may be be asked to develop vehicles addressing the particular needs of low-emission inner cities, for which the market can be expected to remain fragile. Instead, competitiveness in Europe depends on exploiting economies of scale. A fragmentation of the European market would contradict the competitiveness agenda. Should the EU envisage rules emissions zones, these should only be based on the next mandatory Euro standard 6/VI. This is moreover expected to accelerate fleet renewal.